The following is a loving, albeit abridged - very abridged, history of the classical beverage known generally as wine.
Tradition holds that wine, technically, was the first of all alcoholic drinks. While science and technology was not yet available to determine these simple truths, the fact still remains that wine happened in Biblical times; the 'BC' part :-D It was 'stumbled upon' when grapes and dates were left and became spoiled. The juices that leaked out also went bad as well yet was found to be medicinal. There are lots of emperical theories regarding the exact start and date of wine, however suffice it to say that it was the discovery of a process that we now call fermentation in grapes. It should be noted that science has since revealed that it is a perfectly natural biological process to make wine: the juices found in grapes ferment and metabolize the natural sugars in the grapes into alcohol.
Now at the advent of this discovery it was then tested, tried and eventually perfected. By the rise of civilizations there were many different styles, genres and types of wine available. For instance, by the time Christ used it as a metaphor for His perfect blood, there were two words for wine in the greek language (in which the New Testament was written). One word was for average wine, like gall wine, the kind of wine they gave Him as He hung on the Cross. The other word was for the choice wine, the good stuff - this is the type of wine that Jesus performed His very first miracle with by turning the water into wine at the wedding.
Following that, the Romans continued to perfect wine, in fact, they even had a god established and dedicated to it (well, partying): Dionysis (Greek Mythology). Legend and mythology held that wine was an elixer of gods, and that it held status. There was a time in the Roman empire that wine was actually a comodity and as such grapes - for a time - were considered currency. The higher the quality of grape the higher the denomination of the 'bill'. So, in those days it was quite extravagent and socially regarded to be a grape farmer or vintner.
In the dark and middle ages wine was further perfected by the cultures in Europe. Essentially we have these cultural ancestors to thank for much of the wine we enjoy today, as they continued mixing, matching, cooking, changing, and testing their theories. Leading up to and through World War II the most notable of wine 'regions' was France. They were reputed (and in many circles still are) to be the best wine makers on earth. Part of this reputation comes from the fertile soils and mineral-rich waters in the Loire and Bordeaux vallies where France's best wines are made. Any French winemaker worth his tannin will tell you that the fulcrum upon which good wine tilts is the quality of the grape.
Now, the United States of America holds the record for the fastest growing wine export producer. Every state has a winery somewhere. The two main wine areas are the two coasts, east and west. Mainly Sonoma and Nappa vallies in California on the west dominates pacific-coast wine; New England and Chesapeak Bay areas dominate the east. In particular the highest producing states are New York (where American wine started), California (largest producer) and Virginia (most unique due to the exlusively indigineous 'Norton' grape).
Wine is just as old as time itself, and has been the toast of many occasions. It has seen the height of peace and the depths of war. It has seen the rise of states and the fall of empires. It has been a companion and an enemy. In fact wars have been fought over it. Wine is just as much an integrated (and growing) part of society as oxygen. Why not enjoy it!